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PEST/BUG GUIDE

TERMITES

Did you know that termites have been around since the time of the dinosaur?

 

Termites are known as "silent destroyers" because of their ability to chew through wood, flooring and even wallpaper undetected. There are about 2,000 known termite species in the world. Each year, termites cause more than $5 billion in property damage.

 

Termites can be identified as social insects because they usually stay together as a "family" through at least two generations. They work as a group to feed the colony, protect their nest and raise the young.

 

The most common type of termite is the subterranean termite

These termites eat wood, wallpaper, plastics and fabric made from plants. 

Subterranean termites need contact with the soil to survive. They live in underground colonies or in wet areas above ground. They build tunnels to reach food and every spring, groups of reproductive termites fly off to start new colonies.

Subterranean termites are the most destructive kind of termite. They can eat a lot of wood and they can cause a lot of expensive damage to a house! They can destroy building foundations, wooden support beams, plastic plumbing pipes, sub-flooring, insulation … even swimming pool liners and filtration systems! Termites can also injure or destroy living trees and shrubs.

Prevention:

  • Make sure water drains away from your house.

  • Don’t let water build up around your home's foundation. Termites like that!

  • Replace any damp or damaged wood on the outside of your home.

  • Never leave wood scraps in the yard for them to snack on.

MICE

Did you know that mice can squeeze through spaces as small as a dime?

Despite their tiny bodies, mice eat between 15 and 20 times a day.

A house mouse produces between 40 and 100 droppings per day.

Mice are good jumpers, climbers and swimmers.

Mice can live in a lab for up to two years, but usually only live for about 5 months in the wild, mostly because of predators, such as cats, snakes and foxes.

Mice typically enter our homes between October and February, looking for food, water and shelter from the cold. While these rodents may look cute, mice spread more germs than most people realize. Mice can actually carry as many as 200 human pathogens!

If you spot a mouse in the house, it is safe to assume there are more or there will be soon. Female mice can give birth when they are two months old and are able to have babies 6 to 10 times per year.

The house mouse is the most common rodent pest in most parts of the world.

A female house mouse can give birth to up to a dozen babies every three weeks. That’s 150 babies a year!

House mice primarily feed on plants, but they will also eat meat and dairy products. They will drink water but require very little of it. They will eat their own droppings to acquire nutrients produced by bacteria in their guts!

House mice live in structures, but they can live outdoors. They breed throughout the year and often share nests with their "relatives".

Even the smallest amount of mouse urine can trigger allergies, particularly in children because their immune systems are still developing. Mice spread disease through bite wounds and by contaminating food and water with their waste products. Mice can also spread disease thanks to parasites, such as ticks, fleas and mites. These parasites bite the infected mouse and then spread the disease by biting humans.

Prevention:

  • Mice eat 15-20 times a day, so keep your homes clean and do not leave food out.

  • Be sure to empty kitchen and household garbage cans frequently.

  • Make sure that your home and storage areas are clean and dry.

  • Make sure that you clean your sheds, crawlspaces, and garbage cans often.

  • Seal up any small holes and cracks they can come in through.

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